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Working with Charts

Working with charts in Harness-Vue is relatively simple. For a given chart exampleChart1, Harness-Vue will create:

  • a state attribute for exampleChart1ChartData
  • a getter getExampleChart1ChartData
  • a setter action setExampleChart1ChartData
  • an action subscription for setExampleChart1ChartData that runs the beforeSet and afterSet functions present in the page definition

Loading Chart Data

It's generally expected that chart data will be loaded by the loadData function following the Harness-Vue lifecycle, so developers don't typically interact with chart data outside of that context. Typically, all filters on a page are defined as Harness-Vue page-level filters, and the application of filters to charts is done witin the loadData function, but a developer may choose to have chart-level filters that are not defined within Harness-Vue that apply transformations to chart data using the getters and setters listed above. It is recommended to always use the setter action rather than mutating state directly so as not to be inconsistent with action subscriptions.

Reading Chart Data

Given that the chart data state created by Harness-Vue is based in Pinia, it is inherently reactive. Using the visualization library of your choice, one can simply refer to the getter (getExampleChart1ChartData in our example) and expect that it is reactive and will update automatically.

Dynamic and Reusable Charts

However, as explained in the More Reusable Components section of the introduction, developers can leverage the Harness-Vue API to refer to charts dynamically as well. The Harness-Vue API provides functions such as getChartData and setChartData that allow a developer to write chart-agnostic components. For example, on a given page with exampleChart1 and exampleChart2, rather than write one component sourced from getExampleChart1ChartData and one sourced from exampleChart2ChartData that each have their own data retrieval methods, a developer using Harness-Vue can write a component that sources data from this.getChartData(this.chartKey) where chartKey is a prop. Because loading and transforming the data is already abstracted from components by the loadData lifecycle, this allows developers to write lightweight components for their charts that are more concerned with display than data retrieval and formatting.

For a full list of features available to interact with chart data, see the charts API listing, as well as the Data and Statistics Helpers for more information.

Structured Data and Tables

Data visualization is a powerful tool, but some applications still require that users be able to view and even download the data driving a visualization. This can be important for Section 508 compliance and user experience, but made difficult given the requirements of some visualization libraries. For example, see this Highcharts Demo Basic line chart:

Highcharts.chart('container', {
    plotOptions: {
        series: {
            label: {
                connectorAllowed: false
            pointStart: 2010

    series: [{
        name: 'Installation & Developers',
        data: [43934, 48656, 65165, 81827, 112143, 142383,
            171533, 165174, 155157, 161454, 154610]
    }, {
        name: 'Manufacturing',
        data: [24916, 37941, 29742, 29851, 32490, 30282,
            38121, 36885, 33726, 34243, 31050]
    }, {
        name: 'Sales & Distribution',
        data: [11744, 30000, 16005, 19771, 20185, 24377,
            32147, 30912, 29243, 29213, 25663]
    }, {
        name: 'Operations & Maintenance',
        data: [null, null, null, null, null, null, null,
            null, 11164, 11218, 10077]
    }, {
        name: 'Other',
        data: [21908, 5548, 8105, 11248, 8989, 11816, 18274,
            17300, 13053, 11906, 10073]

For this example, let's assume that the contents of series is the output of our getChartData() function, so the contents of our exampleChart1 chart data. Each entry in the data array for each series object contains the data, which are mapped to years starting at 2010. If we were to provide this table to a user, we would expect a column per year and row per series (or vice-versa).

For this use case, Harness-Vue expects each chart to (optionally) include a tableAdapter() function in the chart props. This function is expected to take four arguments: (chartDefinition, filters, chartData, pageStore). The output of this function should be an array of objects in which each object is expected to be key/value pairs. Each object will be treated as a table row, with each key being a column and each value being the value. The first row will be inspected to generate the table header.

If a component is required to display both a visualization and a table, using getChartData() and tableAdapter() in tandem allows for this functionality.

CSV Data Downloads

Internally, Harness-Vue uses the tableAdapter functionality to generate a CSV download for charts. Harness-Vue makes two methods available:

  • generateCSV(chartKey, format), where acceptable formats are string and blob (default string) that generates the CSV and returns it for a developer to use
  • downloadCSV(chartKey), which calls generateCSV(chartKey, "blob") and downloads it using the file-saver library.